The typical recording studio consists of 2 rooms:
recording room: instrumentalists and vocalists perform;
control room: sound engineers sometimes with producers operate either professional audio mixing consoles with specialized software suites to manipulate and route the sound for analogue or digital recording.
A device for combining, mixing, routing, and changing the level, timbre and/or dynamics of audio signals.
Monitoring signal sources.
You need soundproofing! It's complex to record, you can try later.
Increases the power of a signal.
Electric guitar uses a pickup to convert the vibration of strings into electrical impulses.
First thing you need? Microphones!
All microphones convert sound energy into electrical energy. When choosing a microphone, the first thing you will need to know is what characteristics you need. Generally, there are 3 common types of microphones.
Dynamic microphones work via electromagnetic induction. They are robust, relatively inexpensive and resistant to moisture. This, coupled with their potentially high gain before feedback, makes them ideal for on-stage use.
Ribbon mics use a thin metal ribbon suspended in a magnetic field. The ribbon is electrically connected to the output, and its vibration within the magnetic field generates the electrical signal. Basic ribbon mics detect sound in a bi-directional pattern.
The diaphragm of condenser mic acts as one plate of a capacitor, and the vibrations produce changes in the distance between the plates. They generally produce a high-quality audio signal and are now the popular choice in laboratory and recording studio applications.
After understanding microphones, let’s start with recording the guitar!
Click play button to record.
Because of the nature of the piano as an instrument, certain types of microphone lend themselves better to recording it than others. It should be pretty obvious that the piano generates a very wide frequency range. Some pianos have build-in stereo conderser mics can be used. Placements near the center of the piano from the arch and within two meters apart are often preferred.
The typical drum kit consists of a kick drum, snare, a couple of tom-toms mounted on stalks from the kick drum, a floor tom, a hi-hat, and a couple of cymbals. The most natural sound can be obtained with a high-quality condenser mic positioned overhead and either in front of or behind the kit.
In order to get each drum as a separated track, we always need over 7 or 8 mics to record the drum kit.
Once everything is recorded, additional editing can be done in order to get the recording to sound perfect (if perfection is what you are after) and get the tracks ready for mixing. Some musicians prefer to leave the recording exactly as it was recorded for a more authentic and natural sound. For others, additional work is needed.
Usually, editing is overlooked as a part of audio production. Yes sometimes it's boring and tedious, but recording often has defects that require editing to make up for.
Editing the tracks into their final form allows the mixing process to be just about mixing, instead of spending valuable time editing. Editing often includes: Cutting, Tuning and Time StretchRead More
What to do next in order to make everything sound as good as possible? The mixing! This stage allows the most flexibility in manipulating the sounds. Mixing and mastering are the two base components of professional producing. Mixing is for pre-production, and mastering is for post-production.
The mixing stage is the stage where you take all the individual tracks and apply processing: such as volume, panning, compression, EQ, reverb, chorus, delay, etc.
The mastering stage is the stage where you take the mixed 2-track source and apply any additional processing that might be necessary and create a master suitable for replication. It can be said that good mastering creates a more ‘finished’ product than the mix alone.Read More
The major purpose of equalization is to make each instrument and vocal have it’s place in your mix by cutting and boosting certain frequencies. Equalization can be the most misused tool in the recording world. The key is knowing how to get the results you are looking for. Also, EQ can’t fix everything. It can only change what signal its working with. Equalizers should (in general) be used to cut frequencies in instruments that should not be there, not boost what’s not there in the first place.
Balance the frequencies.
Compression reduces the volume of loud sounds or amplifies quiet sounds by narrowing or "compressing" an audio signal's dynamic range. The dedicated electronic hardware unit or audio software used to apply compression is called a compressor. Compressors often have attack and release controls that vary the rate at which compression is applied and smooth the effect.
Balance the volume level.
Reverb comes from reflected sound. Artificial reverb allows to add a sense of acoustic space to any audio signal. This can make recording cheaper, more controllable and creative.
Reverb is made up by the early reflections and diffusion of the original sound source in a three-dimensional space. This causes the listener to perceive the original sound blended with reflected sounds.
A good example can be heard by singing in your bathroom.